Climate Change adaptation

Since 2013 Eastern Charlotte Waterways has worked with the southwestern New Brunswick community to adapt to climate change.

To effectively adapt to climate change, the community must consider the impact of deluge rain events, sea level rise, ocean acidification, and the economic consequence of a changing marine environment.  Scroll through the climate change impact atlas to learn more about these impacts and what can be done to increase our resilience.


In 2018 Eastern Charlotte Waterways developed a prototype of 'PACT: An augmented reality viewer for climate change impacts'.

This iOS app has been loaded with three types of climate change information: 

  • storm surge predictions

  • photos of impacts (uploaded from the climate change impact atlas)

  • emissions data for municipal buildings

The app has been designed with hopes that further development can take place to improve its performance and expand its scope. 

Watch the video to learn more.


The 'Charlotte County Climate Change Adaptation Action Plan' was published in 2016. It features a summary of vulnerabilities and risks for five Charlotte County municipalities including:

  • St. Stephen

  • Saint Andrews

  • St. George

  • Blacks Harbour

  • Grand Manan

The plan includes adaptive actions to respond to the risks identified. These actions include lead stakeholders, timelines for implementation, and an estimate of cost.

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Vulnerability Assessment

The 'Community Vulnerability Assessment of Climate Change and Variability Impacts in Charlotte County, NB' was published in 2014. 

Each municipality had a volunteer working group that was educated about climate change and its anticipated effects and then asked to share their experiences as well as their concerns for the future.

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) maps were modeled using data from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and depth to water table information, to create climate change scenarios for each municipality, allowing working group members to visualize potential vulnerable areas.

Vulnerabilities were identified on satellite maps and prioritized, to identify which pose the greatest risks. The results were then communicated to municipal and provincial governments, and were shared with other stakeholders throughout NB and across Canada. 


Our climate change work has been made possible by the financial support of Environment Canada’s Atlantic Ecosystem Initiatives, New Brunswick’s Environmental Trust Fund, and the Intact Foundation.

This work was completed with the support of the project’s five municipal councils. The work also depended on the generous contributions of our volunteer municipal working groups, as well as Jeff Hoyt, the Director of Climate Change Adaptation for the Climate Change Secretariat with the New Brunswick Department of Environment and Local Government; Dr. James I. MacLellan, the Director for the Centre for Research and Innovation in Sustainability at the University of New Brunswick; Dr. Nicole Klenk,  Assistant Professor at the University of Toronto and Adjunct Professor at the University of New Brunswick; and Tanya Anderson from the St. Croix Estuary Project.

Special thanks to Kim Reeder, whose vision as the Program Coordinator for the St. Croix Estuary Project was instrumental throughout the process, and also to ECW staff members Kristie Signer, who oversaw and compiled the vulnerability assessment; and Danielle St. Louis, who completed the adaptation action plan.